Managing Herder-Community-Based Tourism: An Institutional Framework for an Integrated Social–Ecological System

Improving family livelihoods via tourism, whereas on the similar time attaining the targets of conservation, stays a problem in high-value nature areas all over the world. This paper research a herder-community-based tourism system in Mongolia in gentle of those challenges. The social–ecological system (SES) framework was used as a conceptual basis. The generic SES framework was tailored to the case of the herder-community-based tourism system. The tailored framework was then used to evaluate the financial, ecological, and social aims of the herder-community-based tourism system characterised by pure sources and cultural landscapes. Primary knowledge assortment included interviews with key informants within the tourism sector: tourism researchers, representatives of donor tasks, managers of tour operators, and guides. Based on their responses, the examine web site was chosen within the buffer zone of the Hustai National Park, which is a protected space. Respondents within the second stage of interviews have been herders who take part in herder-based tourism and who dwell within the neighborhood of the protected space. Results present that the SES framework is ready to diagnose the sustainability of the herder-community-tourism system, however sustainability outcomes point out an imbalance between social, financial, and environmental efficiency. The herder-community-based tourism system is profitable in conserving wildlife and habitats; nevertheless, the distribution of revenues gained from tourism exhibits that solely a small and inequitable share reaches the herder neighborhood.
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