The Defence Intelligence Agency additionally instructed lawmakers including that New Delhi additionally hardened its strategy in the direction of an aggressive China.
“Throughout 2020, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi’s government pursued an assertive foreign policy aimed at demonstrating India’s strength and its perception as a net provider of security in the Indian Ocean Region,” Scott Berrier, Gen Director of Defense Intelligence Agency instructed members of the Senate Armed Services Committee throughout a Congressional listening to on worldwide threats.
In the primary months of the COVID-19 pandemic, New Delhi performed a number one position in delivering medical tools to international locations all through South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, facilitating the evacuation of Indians and different South Asians from virus hotspots, he mentioned on Friday.
“India hardened its approach towards China following a deterioration in bilateral relations that followed Chinese efforts to take Indian-claimed territory along the disputed Line of Actual Control border beginning in the summer of 2020,” Berrier mentioned.
In response to the June conflict between Indian and Chinese troops, and the deaths of 20 Indian and 4 Chinese troopers, New Delhi responded by deploying a further 40,000 troops, artillery, tanks, and plane to the disputed border, occupying strategic mountain passes in disputed territory, and sending Indian Navy ships to shadow Chinese ships in the Gulf of Aden, it mentioned.
India additionally carried out financial measures meant to sign its resolve in opposition to China, together with banning Chinese cell phone apps and taking steps to make use of reliable distributors of telecommunications, he instructed the lawmakers.
According to Berrier, India additionally maintained an assertive strategy on its border with Pakistan, refusing to have interaction in diplomatic dialogue in the absence of Pakistani motion to finish assist to anti-Indian militant teams.
Tensions stay excessive in the aftermath of the 2019 Pulwama terrorist assault and subsequent navy reactions, and the Modi authorities’s August 2019 motion “to curtail Jammu and Kashmir’s autonomy by revising the Indian Constitution”.
India and Pakistan introduced a ceasefire settlement in late February 2021, however any high-profile militant assaults by suspected Pakistan-based teams will seemingly elicit an Indian navy response that might escalate to navy confrontation, he mentioned.
“New Delhi is continuous to pursue a wide-ranging navy modernisation effort encompassing air, floor, naval, and strategic nuclear forces with an emphasis on home defence manufacturing.
“It will continue its longstanding defence relationship with Russia because of the large amount of Russian-origin equipment in India’s inventory and Moscow’s willingness to assist New Delhi in strengthening its domestic defence industry,” Berrier mentioned.
India continued to develop its personal hypersonic, ballistic, cruise, and air defence missile capabilities, conducting roughly a dozen checks since September.
India has a rising variety of satellites in orbit and is increasing its use of house belongings, seemingly pursuing offensive house capabilities to spice up the position house belongings play in its navy technique.
It performed a profitable ASAT (anti-satellite) missile check in March 2019, and has since introduced plans to outline additional the position of ASAT weapons in its National Security Strategy.
New Delhi additionally seeks to construct house experience with the formation of its Defence Space Agency and thru house warfare workouts, akin to IndSpaceEx held in July 2019.
Berrier additionally instructed lawmakers that the Pakistan navy continues to execute counterterrorism operations in opposition to militant teams that pose a risk to it.
These efforts have been profitable in lowering violence from some anti-Pakistan militant, terrorist, and sectarian teams in Pakistan.
“However, we assess these groups remain capable of conducting mostly small-scale attacks and occasional high-profile attacks. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan-an anti-Pakistan militant group-was weakened by leadership losses, but recently announced its reunification with two splinter groups to bolster its capabilities,” he mentioned.
“While Pakistani intelligence continues to provide material support and safe haven to the Taliban, Islamabad continues to support Afghan peace efforts, encouraging the Taliban to engage in dialogue with the Afghan Government,” he added.
Berrier mentioned that Pakistan’s relations with India proceed to stay tense since New Delhi’s August 2019 revocation of Kashmir’s semiautonomous standing.
During the 12 months, tensions with India in all probability will stay elevated, and concerted efforts by either side to completely implement the February 25, 2021 ceasefire might be needed to cut back rigidity alongside the Line of Control.
Pakistan perceives nuclear weapons as key to its nationwide survival, particularly to counter the risk from India’s rising typical power superiority, and certain will improve its nuclear stockpile in 2021.
To that finish, Pakistan continues to modernise and broaden its nuclear capabilities by conducting coaching with its deployed weapons and testing developmental missiles.
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