The capital metropolis in Mongolia includes two sorts of dwellings: flats and Gers. The Ger is a conventional Mongolian home. Residents of Ger districts in Ulaanbaatar use coal as a supply of gasoline for every day actions corresponding to heating and cooking in winter due to lack of central heating techniques. After coal burning, the ash deposited at the backside of the oven converts right into a powder containing heavy metals which can be poisonous to human well being. Through questionnaires at websites the place concentrations of heavy parts had been recognized in our earlier research, we examined the heavy steel publicity pathways of coal ash, which has probably opposed results on the well being and high quality of life of Ger district residents. Survey outcomes point out that residents have to retailer the coal ash in packing luggage and steel rubbish cans close to their family fences for no less than two weeks as a result of of poor waste administration. Owing to the weak seals of the packaging materials and open steel cans that comprise the coal ash, it’s simply transported into surrounding areas by the wind. Adults come into contact with contaminated soil when they’re cleansing areas inside and outside the fences, and youngsters are uncovered after they play outdoors the fences. Such actions improve the dermal publicity in addition to inhalation and ingestion pathways of the contaminants for adults and youngsters.
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