Covid: When will I get the vaccine?

By Philippa Roxby
Health reporter

picture copyrightGetty Images

More than 30 million individuals in the UK have obtained a minimum of one dose of a Covid vaccine, and greater than three million a second dose.

The authorities has warned provides will fall in April, however says all adults will nonetheless be supplied a primary jab by the finish of July.

Who is being supplied a vaccine now?

The UK is utilizing the Oxford-AstraZeneca and Pfizer vaccines to guard individuals towards Covid-19.

Text messages are being despatched out with a hyperlink to the national booking service website. People may also name the service on 119.

Over-50s are additionally being offered the vaccine in Wales and Scotland. Unpaid carers in Scotland aged 16-64 can register online to get the vaccine or name 0800 030 8013.

In Northern Ireland, people aged 45-49 are now eligible for vaccination. They can book online or name 0300 200 7813.

People over 16 who live with adults with weakened immune systems will also be offered a vaccine, as a result of specialists say vaccinating them will assist shield the weak individual of their family.

Which teams have been given a primary dose?

Those most in danger from Covid and people caring for them have been vaccinated first.

One dose has already been supplied to:

  • frontline well being and social care workers
  • aged care house residents
  • clinically extraordinarily weak individuals
  • over-16s with some well being circumstances which improve their threat from Covid
  • grownup carers of disabled individuals and youthful adults in care properties
  • over-55s

All 4 nations of the UK comply with these priorities, however the roll-out varies between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

When will everybody else get the jab?

People under 50 with out underlying medical circumstances in England could now have to attend till May for his or her first jab.

They will be vaccinated so as of age:

  • 40-49 years
  • 30-39 years
  • 18-29 years

Priority will not be given to individuals particularly jobs, reminiscent of teaching, as a result of this might decelerate the vaccine programme. Risk is carefully linked to somebody’s age, making vaccinating by age group the most effective method to shield the inhabitants.

But some teams at increased threat of needing hospital remedy from Covid are urged to take up the provide of vaccination promptly:

  • males
  • Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic communities
  • individuals with a BMI over 30
  • these in disadvantaged neighbourhoods
Priority group list

When will I get my second dose?

More than three million individuals have had a second dose and at the moment are totally vaccinated – about 6% of UK adults.

During April, the variety of second doses – anticipated to be round 12 million – will most likely overtake the variety of first doses given.

This is so that everybody in the precedence teams will get totally vaccinated inside 12 weeks of their first jab.

Do the vaccines work towards new variants?

Two vaccines – developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Oxford-AstraZeneca – are being utilized in the UK. A 3rd – from Moderna – has been accredited.

All have been proven to be efficient at stopping individuals from turning into critically in poor health and dying from Covid.

The Oxford vaccine presents a good level of protection against the “Kent” variant now dominant in the UK. Early research on different vaccines, together with Pfizer, recommend additionally they shield towards this variant.

There are considerations vaccines may not work as well against variants first noticed in South Africa and Brazil, and a few UK variants too, however they are often up to date.

Vaccine builders are already updating their jabs and plan to have them prepared by the autumn.

They are prone to be supplied as a routine booster towards Covid for some teams.

media captionWhy do new variants of Covid-19 hold showing? Laura Foster explains

Why ought to I get vaccinated?

Vaccines imply fewer individuals will get Covid-19 and those that do are far much less prone to go to hospital or to die.

As properly as defending you, vaccines additionally assist to guard your loved ones, associates and different individuals you come into contact with.

Are two doses wanted?

The accredited vaccines require two doses to offer the finest safety towards Covid.

In the UK, individuals have been initially instructed they might get a second dose three to 4 weeks after the first. But to make sure a faster roll-out of first doses, the UK’s chief medical officers prolonged the hole to 12 weeks.

This method is now backed by the WHO which says giving two doses eight to 12 weeks aside will increase the Oxford vaccine’s effectiveness and offers larger safety.

However, some docs are fearful an extended hole between doses of the Pfizer vaccine could make it less effective.

Can totally different vaccines be blended?

The official guidance says everybody ought to get the similar vaccine for each doses.

In very uncommon circumstances – if just one vaccine is out there, or it is not recognized which was given for the first dose – a different vaccine can be used.

However, a UK trial is investigating whether mixing vaccines could offer better protection than two doses of the similar one.

Table comparing the oxford, pfizer and moderna vaccines

How many vaccine doses are there?

The UK has ordered seven vaccines and expects to obtain 407 million doses – greater than sufficient for each grownup to obtain two.

The Moderna vaccine has been accredited in the UK and is anticipated to reach in April.

A vaccine from Novavax has shown promising results and will be made in north-east England.

A single-dose vaccine from Johnson & Johnson has additionally been shown to be effective. Both of those vaccines are being reviewed on a rolling foundation by the UK’s regulator.

Doses ordered

Will everybody be vaccinated?

The purpose is to vaccinate everybody aged 18 or over in the UK with one dose by the finish of July – however youngsters may obtain a vaccine in the long run if they’re proven to be protected.

Covid vaccines at the moment are being trialled in youngsters by most corporations making them. Pfizer has released early data which suggests youngsters aged 12-15 are properly protected by the vaccine, with a robust antibody response and no uncommon negative effects. AstraZeneca is also carrying out a trial in 6-17 year olds.

In the UK, the Pfizer vaccine is at present accredited to be used in over-16s and the AZ vaccine in over-18s.

Getting a Covid vaccine just isn’t obligatory for the public as a result of specialists say this would not assist create public confidence. But making it necessary for NHS workers and care employees is being thought-about.

What about individuals with allergy symptoms?

A really small variety of individuals have skilled a extreme allergic response – often called anaphylaxis – when vaccinated with the Pfizer vaccine.

You ought to focus on any severe allergy symptoms together with your healthcare skilled earlier than being vaccinated.

Most individuals will not be affected in any means, though gentle side-effects are doable.

media captionWhy it’s regular for some individuals to expertise short-term negative effects from Covid-19 vaccines

I’m pregnant – can I be vaccinated?

Vaccination ought to solely be thought-about for pregnant girls when the potential benefits outweigh any potential risks.

This could also be the place the threat of catching coronavirus is excessive, or the place underlying well being circumstances imply a excessive threat of Covid issues.

There aren’t any particular security considerations with the vaccines – however they weren’t examined on pregnant girls.

Women who’re breastfeeding may be given both vaccine. The vaccines have no impact on female fertility.

The BBC just isn’t chargeable for the content material of exterior websites.

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