Sustaining soil well being can’t be divorced from sustainable crop manufacturing. Organic, or pure, farming is being promoted as sustainable agriculture observe. One side of natural farming that might considerably improve and maintain soil well being, soil high quality, and crop productiveness is the use of high-quality soil conditioners or natural amendments produced from agro-wastes. Thus, the target of this examine was to characterize the chemical and organic properties of chosen agro-wastes with potential for use as natural amendments in sustaining soil well being. Standard procedures have been used to supply and characterize the soil conditioners, particularly fermented plant juice (FPJ), fermented fruit juice (FFJ), palm kernel shell (PKS) biochar, and kitchen waste (KW) compost. The fermented juices (FPJ and FFJ), PKS biochar, and KW compost exhibited chemical and organic properties with good potential as soil conditioners or natural amendments to maintain soil well being. The fermented juices contained necessary microbes that may solubilize P and Okay in soil for crop use. The excessive pH and C content material of the biochar and compost and the excessive cation trade capability of the biochar are good indicators of the potential of these supplies to maintain soil well being in phrases of the liming impact of acid soils, nutrient and water retention, nutrient reserves, and an acceptable habitat for microbial life. Moreover, the natural amendments comprise cheap quantities of macro- and micro-nutrients, which could possibly be launched to extend soil fertility. Despite these potential advantages, subject utility of these natural amendments is important to guage their results on soil well being and crop manufacturing in each the quick and long run.
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